php - Access a file which is located before / outside the server root directory?Get the solution ↓↓↓
I'm making an intranet for a post-sale customer service entreprise. Employee need to be able to upload img files to the intranet's server and i need to store them in a directory with is BEFORE
www (the website's root directory).
Doing this using php is pretty easy but how to include these imgs on the website once they're uploaded ? I tried this code
This is not working because i can't send a file if it is OUTSIDE the server's
www directory ...
Is there any proper way to do that ?
Current treeview :
server root directory |www |(all server files) |img |(all img files)
(the server's index.php is located in
www and the files are in
You cannot directly access any file outside your web directory. As your question includes the tag PHP as well, I assume you may want to use it.
What you can do is the following:
Inside your www directory, create a "image.php" file, with a similar content to:
<?php header('Content-Type: image/png'); readfile("../img/" . $_GET['img']); ?>
And call your images with
<img src="image.php?img=myimage.png" />
Please be aware that your PHP file shouldn't be that simple :) As you may want to address multiple image formats (and providing the correct header for them), checking for malicious file path/inclusions (you don't want to use $_GET without validating/sanitizing the input), extra caching etc. etc. etc.
But this should give you an idea on how you can target your issue.
It depends on what you are trying to accomplish and how. With "simple" html commands it is as you found out. You can't go to a directory outside of the www root. (for xampp applications on C for exmple it is most of the time c:\xampp\htdocs).
If you are ok with using serverside commands to accomplish what you want to achieve then you could use php to do a workaround, by reading the appropriate files in via PHP. For example if your file is named "myimg.gif" and lies in "c:\pics"
<img SRC="data:image/gif;base64,<?php echo base64_encode(file_get_contents("c:\pics\myimg.gif"));?>">
With that you are reading the contents of the file and writing it directly into the img tag. Be aware that you need to change image/gif to what you really need there.
You can't directly access file outside/above your root directory (www or public_html).
You can create virtual directory in Apache server configuration. Google "apache virtual directory" for more information.
Virtual directory configuration example:
<IfModule alias_module> Alias /uploaded_images/ "/home/someuser/somewhere" <Directory "/home/someuser/somewhere"> Allow from all </Directory> </IfModule>
uploaded_images directory will be available from web like normal directory in www directory. You can copy files from there to another location (kind of buffering).
You can also open/copy that file by ftp from php level without changing anything in apache, but this may be really slow (use it only if you can't control apache config, virtual directory is much better).
I Agree with @kamil's idea about creating a virtual directory. However if you want to go the php route, I wrote some code that open's images in a directory before WWW and copies them to the www/images folder.
<?php $imagepath = "../images/"; define('IMGPATH', realpath($imagepath).DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR); $cachewwwimg = "images/"; $imagename = 'image.jpg'; copy(IMGPATH.$imagename, $cachewwwimg.$imagename) ?> <img src="<?php echo $cacheimg.$imagename;?>"/>
I solved this by simply creating a symbolic link pointing to the global physical folder on my hosting. I didn't have root access, so I created a simple PHP file, calling it symbolic_link.php, that i put in the root of my website and that creates the symbolic link for me. Here it is:
<?php $target = '/home/<user>/images/'; // hosting physical directory $link = 'images'; // symbolic link inside root of web site unlink($link); symlink($target, $link);
After the creation of the symbolic link, I deleted the file.
This is the hosting directory structure:
/home/<user> // hosting root | +--/images // hosting global dir | | | +--/logo.png // global image | +--/www.website.com // hosting website dir | +--/images // symbolic link
Now you can use the image as if it were in your website folder:
<img src="https://www.website.com/images/logo.png" alt="...">
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